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john iv of trebizond

john iv of trebizond

Since William Miller wrote his book on Trebizond, the scholarly consensus dated his death to 1458, although with some dissent to 1459 (Lampsides, Kursanskis) or simply state the broad limits 1458/9-1460 (Anthony Bryer). John escaped by means of his fleet, and made it back to Trebizond. The penultimate Trapezuntine ruler, John IV, recognized the threat of the Ottomans. 259–283. John apparently failed to cooperate, and in 1456 the Sultan dispatched his governor of Amasya Hizir Bey to attack Trebizond by both land and sea. As early as 1434 he had responded to the letters of Pope Eugenius IV, in marked contrast to earlier emperors of Trebizond, who had ignored papal missives. [3] Here he found a large vessel full of arms, and in exchange for appointing its owner his protostrator the vessel and its crew brought him home in 1429. [17] John assembled his land and naval forces, then assisted by his pansebastos sailed forth to meet the Shaikh. John Hutchins Rosser: Historical Dictionary of Byzantium page 259. This incident is notable for the anecdote it relates about John, who gleefully related to Sphrantzes the news of the death of Sultan Murad II, and that Mehmed II's youth meant that now his empire could last longer and be blessed. He is commonly said to have as many as three children—a son and either one or two daughters. [9] In February 1451 the Byzantine diplomat George Sphrantzes arrived in Trebizond seeking a bride for his emperor, Constantine XI Palaiologos. The two armies met at Kapanion. Pero Tafur, in his travel memoirs, records that when he visited Trebizond in 1438 John IV had a Turkish wife. Sphrantzes, however, was taken aback and explained to him that Mehmed's youth and seeming friendship were only ploys, and that under John's brother-in-law John VIII the empire had been deeply in debt, but now his new emperor was trying to change that. [19] In discussing this document, Thierre Ganchou explains that it confirms clearly a terminus ante quem for John's death of 22 April 1460. John sent his brother David to ratify the treaty before Mehmed II himself, which he did in 1458, but the tribute was raised to 3,000 gold pieces. As early as 1434 he had responded to the letters of Pope Eugenius IV, in marked contrast to earlier emperors of Trebizond, who had ignored papal missives. An alternative identification is that she was the daughter of the Crimean Khan, Hacı I Giray.[21]. [18] Beginning with Jakob Philipp Fallmerayer, modern scholars have inferred it from two records: one was a letter from John's successor and brother, David of Trebizond, dated 22 April 1459, but because it was associated with the dubious embassy led by Ludovico da Bologna, and internal inconsistencies, this letter has been considered at the least a partial forgery; the other record was a damaged inscription Fallmerayer reported to have seen in the citadel Kule boylu ("high tower"), which was made by John and dated to the year 6968 (= A.D. 1 September 1459 – 31 August 1460); however this inscription was never seen by any other historian, despite determined efforts, and the citadel itself has since been destroyed. 3 likes. Cf. His father Alexios rode out with his retinue and camped nearby. 1/4 Asper MA-Shop Kauf mit Garantie Angebot mit Münzen und Medaillen von der Antike bis zum Euro. [11] According to Chalkokondyles, Hizir raided the countryside, even penetrating into the marketplace of Trebizond, capturing altogether about two thousand people. Esempi. John II Megas Komnenos (Greek: Ἰωάννης Β΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός, Iōannēs II Megas Komnēnos) (c. 1262 – 16 August 1297) was Emperor of Trebizond from 1280 to 1297. Chalkokondyles II.222; translated by Kaldellis. Page Views (PV) 51.78. John then fled to Georgia. 30. translated in Marios Philippides. He was a son of Emperor Alexios IV of Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene. His father Alexios rode out with his retinue and camped nearby. He was a son of Emperor Alexios IV of Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene. Languages Editions (L) 5.92 . No contemporary chronicler or historian recorded the actual date of John's death. John IV began his reign by punishing the physical murderers of his father, then burying his father in state in the metropolitan cathedral. Pero Tafur, in his travel memoirs, records that when he visited Trebizond in 1438 John IV had a Turkish wife. Noting that the letter appears between two other documents dated to 1459, Ganchou blames a "lazy scribe" for writing that year when transcribing this letter, instead of the correct 1460. Æ Follis or Tornese. parole . He was a son of Emperor Alexios IV of Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene.John had been… Retowski 1-7 (for type); Bendall, Trebizond 80; SB 2642. Ganchou explains the discrepancies in the rest of the evidence facilely. 557, a manuscript now at the Vatican Library. The year "1459" in the letter carried by the embassy of Ludovico da Bologna was an error in transcription: the original letter has not been found, and may no longer exist. The first time this letter was printed was in 1496, taken from the text of Reg. They learned they had misunderstood John's wishes: he had the eyes of one man put out and the hand of the other cut off.[6]. Alexios (1455–1463), who was beheaded at Constantinople. Further diplomatic initiatives by Genoa failed in 1443, and in 1447 the Genoese of Caffa advanced on Trebizond with their fleet, threatening to set up an embargo. [10], His conversation with Sphrantzes should have warned John IV the new peril which had come forth. A Genoese document dated November 8, 1427 orders the consul at Caffa in the Crimea to keep on good terms with the Emperor of Trebizond for news of John arriving at Caffa had reached Genoa. Empire of Trebizond - John IV Reigned: 1446 - 1458 A.D. Denomination: AR Asper Obverse: St. Eugenius seated on horse walking right. This is "cc93681 John IV Trebizond Asper" by Harlan J. Berk, Ltd. on Vimeo, the home for high quality videos and the people who love them. He was a son of Emperor Alexios IV of Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene. John IV Megas Komnenos was Emperor of Trebizond from 1429 until his death. [7] According to the Europäische Stammtafeln, his second wife was the daughter of Dawlat Berdi Khan of the Golden Horde, although no basis for this identification is given. Pero Tafur provides a detail at variance with the account of Pseudo-Chalkokondyles, for he reports that John became emperor with help of the Turkish Sultan. John had been designated despotes by his father as early as 1417, but did not see eye-to-eye with his parents. Lat. Alexander had fled Trebizond for the Byzantine court in 1429 and had eventually married Maria Gattilusio, the daughter of the Genoese lord of Lesbos. While in Georgia John married Bagrationi, a daughter of King Alexander I, but he could not obtain sufficient support to establish himself in Trebizond. St. Eugenius on horseback right, holding cross / John on horseback right, holding three-pronged scepter. John had planned to attack Junayd from both land and sea; however, a strong wind prevented the sailors from landing and the Sheikh's men successfully counteracted, killing the pansebastos and scattering the army. Mehmed II immediately summoned John to pay tribute in Constantinople and imposed heavy tolls on Trapezuntine and Venetian shipping through the straits. Once these two sources are accepted as plausible, then there is no longer any basis to reject the evidence of the lost inscription Fallmerayer reported seeing on the Kule boylu. F. Alexios IV of Trebizond 1382 - 1429; M. Theodora Kantakouzene, wife of Alexios IV of Trebizond - 1426; Maria of Trebizond - 1439; John IV of Trebizond Abt 1403 - 1459; Alexander of Trebizond 1406 - 1460; David of Trebizond Abt 1408 - 1463; Spouse and Children . Historical Popularity Index (HPI) 22. Effective Languages (L*) 2.40. Chalkokondyles II.222; translated by Kaldellis. John IV of Trebizond. Lot also includes: John VIII Palaeologus, 1425-1448. John had been designated despotes, or heir apparent, by his father as early as 1417, but had come into conflict with his parents. Tema. [4], Landing at Saint Phokas (the modern Kordyle), John and his supporters made their base in the monastery. John IV of Trebizond was born in 1403. Although John owed his throne to a Genoese crew, he repeatedly failed to reimburse the Genoese for debts owed to them in 1431, and in 1441 refused to provide reparations for a Genoese ship ordered seized and looted six years earlier. John IV of Trebizond Net Worth, Biography, Age, Height, Weight, Married, Ethnicity, Nationality, Wife, Husband [23] The two doubtful children are: Emperor and Autocrat of all the East and Perateia, John Hutchins Rosser: Historical Dictionary of Byzantium page 259. 7, 18; DOC IV p. 433, 13b; Schlumberger pl. While in Georgia John married Bagrationi, a daughter of King Alexander I, but he could not obtain sufficient support to establish himself in Trebizond. An alternative identification is that she was the daughter of the Crimean Khan, Hacı I Giray.[21]. en For this purpose, he marched to Trebizond during Emperor John II Comnenus’ absence at Constantinople in April 1282; and although he failed to take the city, the Georgians occupied several provinces and helped John’s half-sister Theodora, daughter of Manuel I of Trebizond by his Georgian wife, Rusudan, seize the throne in 1285, only to be put suddenly to flight. Further diplomatic initiatives by Genoa failed in 1443, and in 1447 the Genoese of Caffa advanced on Trebizond with their fleet, threatening to set up an embargo. The Metropolitan of Trebizond joined the Byzantine clergy at the Council of Basel-Ferrara-Florence (1438-1439). John IV of Trebizond Date of Birth, Nationality, Hometown, Birth Place, Zodiac Sign, Weight & Height in Meters [13] He also pursued Western support through effecting a union with the Roman Catholic Church. Ask Login. AR Asper (14mm, 0.64 g, 5h). John IV Megas Komnenos (Greek: Ιωάννης Δ΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός, Iōannēs IV Megas Komnēnos) (c. 1403 – 1460) was Emperor of Trebizond from 1429 until his death. Apr 1, 2015 - Bagrationi (c.1411/2 – before 1438) was the first Empress consort of John IV of Trebizond. [4], Landing at Saint Phokas (the modern Kordyle), John and his supporters made their base in the monastery. Shaykh Junayd soon arrived before the walls of Trebizond, but after three days he found the walls impregnable and marched his army south to ravage the district of Mesochaldia instead.[16]. [17] John assembled his land and naval forces, then assisted by his pansebastos sailed forth to meet the Shaikh. This expedition did not seriously affect Trebizond itself, but attacked Trebizond's dependencies in the Crimea and was partly destroyed by a storm on its return journey. Fearing that Trebizond would suffer the same fate as Constantinople, he forged various alliances for the defense of his empire. Constantinople mint. The first was from his half-brother George, who returned to Trebizond and made an unsuccessful attempt to seize the throne. VF. 557, a manuscript now at the Vatican Library. Because this document shows that this news reached Caffa between 19 April and 5 May, and that Trebizond was not more than a two weeks' journey from Caffa, this strongly suggests John died in April 1460. Mehmed II immediately summoned John to pay tribute in Constantinople and imposed heavy tolls on Trapezuntine and Venetian shipping through the straits. John was recognized as emperor in Trebizond some time before 28 October 1429, the date of the first document that mentions him on the throne. He was the youngest son of Emperor Manuel I and his third wife, Irene Syrikaina, a Trapezuntine noblewoman. Emperor and Autocrat of all the East and Perateia, Byzantine Empire successor states [1204 - 1261] - [Nicaea, Epirus, Trebizond]. Noting that the letter appears between two other documents dated to 1459, Ganchou blames a "lazy scribe" for writing that year when transcribing this letter, instead of the correct 1460. [19] In discussing this document, Thierre Ganchou explains that it confirms clearly a terminus ante quem for John's death of 22 April 1460. John sent his brother David to ratify the treaty before Mehmed II himself, which he did in 1458, but the tribute was raised to 3,000 gold pieces. The Europäische Stammtafeln considers this second wife to have been a daughter of Dawlat Berdi. John IV went on to marry an unnamed Turkish lady. John II Megas Komnenos (Greek: Ιωάννης Β΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός, Iōannēs II Megas Komnēnos) (c. 1262 – 16 August 1297) was Emperor of Trebizond from 1280 to 1297. [3] Here he found a large vessel full of arms, and in exchange for appointing its owner his protostrator the vessel and its crew brought him home in 1429. Chalkokondyles II.220; translated by Kaldellis, A. Vasiliev, "Tero Tafur, a Spanish Traveler of the XVth Century and His Visit to Constantinople, Trebizond, and Italy,". [14], However, these approaches to the Papacy were not marked by harmonious relations with the most important Western power concerned with Trebizond, the Republic of Genoa. John IV went on to marry an unnamed Turkish lady. [9] In February 1451 the Byzantine diplomat George Sphrantzes arrived in Trebizond seeking a bride for his emperor, Constantine XI Palaiologos. Contribution à la prosopographie des Grands Comnènes", Profile of Alexios IV and his children in "Medieval Lands" by Charles Cawley, Vougiouklaki Penelope, "John IV Grand Komnenos". [15], John's hostile attitude towards Genoa was explained by one contemporary, the Spanish traveller Pero Tafur, as a fear of a potential Byzantine-Genoese alliance that could place his brother Alexander on the throne of Trebizond. John I Axouchos (Greek: Ιωάννης Α΄ Αξούχος, Iōannēs I Axoukhos) was Emperor of Trebizond from 1235 to 1238. John then fled to Georgia. This page was last edited on 11 February 2020, at 13:57. [22] However, Kuršanskis has shown that John had only one child—Theodora Megale Komnene, better known by her Mongol appellation "Despina Hatun". He was a son of Emperor Alexios IV of Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene. [7] It may be both versions contain part of the truth: although John ascended to the throne on the murder of his father, it may be the Turkish Sultan provided John with financial or military support to return to Trebizond. Lat. John IV Megas Komnenos (Greek: Ιωάννης Δ΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός, Iōannēs IV Megas Komnēnos), (c. 1403 – 1459) was Emperor of Trebizond from 1429 to 1459. Chalkokondyles II.219-220; translated by Anthony Kaldellis, For a discussion of this source, see Kaldellis, "The Interpolations", pp. [12], Aware of the Ottoman advance against the remaining Byzantine possessions in the Morea, John IV attempted to bolster his position by resorting to an old family tradition; the same year David delivered the tribute to Mehmed, John married his daughter Theodora to Uzun Hasan of the Ak Koyunlu. Home Science Math History Literature Technology Health Law Business All Topics Random. [1] According to Trebizond: The Last Greek Empire of the Byzantine Era (1926) by William Miller, earlier in that same year John had murdered a courtier who allegedly served as the lover of his mother. John IV was married twice, first to an unnamed daughter of King Alexander I of Georgia,[20] then prior to November 1437 he married the daughter of a Turkish sultan. John had planned to attack Junayd from both land and sea; however, a strong wind prevented the sailors from landing and the Sheikh's men successfully counteracted, killing the pansebastos and scattering the army. The disputes were never fully settled and seriously injured commerce in the Black Sea. John left for Trebizond on 25 April 1282 with his new wife, Eudokia Palaiologina. The Ottomans did not make another attack on the Empire of Trebizond until the reign of the next Sultan, Mehmed II. The apprehensiveness towards Genoa was contrasted by friendlier relations with Venice, although the Venetians never recovered their former influence in the Black Sea. [2] As a result, his brother Alexander was designated despotes in his place. John IV Megas Komnenos (Greek: Ιωάννης Δ΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός, Iōannēs IV Megas Komnēnos) (c. 1403 – c.1459 [1]) was Emperor of Trebizond from 1429 until his death. Although John owed his throne to a Genoese crew, he repeatedly failed to reimburse the Genoese for debts owed to them in 1431, and in 1441 refused to provide reparations for a Genoese ship ordered seized and looted six years earlier. John IV Megas Komnenos (Greek: Ιωάννης Δ΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός, Iōannēs IV Megas Komnēnos ), (c. 1403 ndash; 1459) was Emperor of Trebizond from 1429 to 1459. The Empire of Trebizond was founded in 1204 by Alexius Comnenus grandson of Andronicus I. [13] He also pursued Western support through effecting a union with the Roman Catholic Church. Ganchou explains the discrepancies in the rest of the evidence facilely. Ask Login. [22] However, KurÅ¡anskis has shown that John had only one child—Theodora Megale Komnene, better known by her Mongol appellation "Despina Hatun". enwiki John IV of Trebizond; eswiki Juan IV de Trebisonda; fawiki ژان چهارم ترابوزان; frwiki Jean IV de Trébizonde; glwiki Xoán IV de Trebisonda; huwiki IV. According to a passage considered to be an interpolation in the history of Laonikos Chalkokondyles, he accused his mother Theodora of having an affair with an unnamed protovestiarios, whom he killed, then held his parents captive in the citadel until the palace staff released them. She was a daughter of King Alexander I of Georgia. The Metropolitan of Trebizond joined the Byzantine clergy at the Council of Basel-Ferrara-Florence (1438-1439). An important family, the Kabasitai, offered to act as intermediaries; however, an interpolator of the History of Chalkokondyles, or Pseudo-Chalkokondyles,[5] states that they were John's "secret accomplices" for some of the Kabasitai had agreed to allow two of John's archontes into Emperor Alexios' tent, and once inside the archontes murdered Alexios around midnight. [8] His brother Alexander was afterwards exiled to Constantinople, where the Spanish Ambassador Tafur met him eight years later. Bagrationi, Wife of John IV of Trebizond - Death. According to Pseudo-Chalkokondyles, John had instructed them to only bring his father to him, but the men thought John would be more grateful if they killed his father the Emperor, and did so. The city was deserted due to plague and likely to fall; John made his submission and agreed to pay an annual tribute of 2,000 gold pieces in return for the return the captives Hizir had taken. John II Megas Komnenos (Greek: Ιωάννης Β΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός, Iōannēs II Megas Komnēnos ), (c. 1262 ndash;August 16, 1297) Emperor of Trebizond from 1280 to 1297. Byzantine John IV, Trebizond. The disputes were never fully settled and seriously injured commerce in the Black Sea. Giovanni IV di Trebisonda. I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like. [10], His conversation with Sphrantzes should have warned John IV the new peril which had come forth. Not long after John arrived home, he was confronted by two new threats to his reign. The city was deserted due to plague and likely to fall; John made his submission and agreed to pay an annual tribute of 2,000 gold pieces in return for the return the captives Hizir had taken. Chalkokondyles II.219-220; translated by Anthony Kaldellis, For a discussion of this source, see Kaldellis, "The Interpolations", pp. John IV Megas Komnenos (Greek: Ιωάννης Δ΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός, Iōannēs IV Megas Komnēnos) (c. 1403 – 1460) was Emperor of Trebizond from 1429 until his death. [7] It may be both versions contain part of the truth: although John ascended to the throne on the murder of his father, it may be the Turkish Sultan provided John with financial or military support to return to Trebizond. The first time this letter was printed was in 1496, taken from the text of Reg. Discussed in Rustam Shukurov, "The campaign of Shaykh Djunayd Safawi against Trebizond (1456 AD/860 AH)", Unless otherwise indicated, this section is based on, "La Date de la Mort du Basileus Jean IV Komnenos de Trebizonde", "The Fifteenth-century Bagratids and the Institution of Collegial Sovereignty in Georgia", "La descendance d'Alexis IV, empereur de Trébizonde. Chalkokondyles II.220; translated by Kaldellis, A. Vasiliev, "Tero Tafur, a Spanish Traveler of the XVth Century and His Visit to Constantinople, Trebizond, and Italy,". Sphrantzes, however, was taken aback and explained to him that Mehmed's youth and seeming friendship were only ploys, and that under John's brother-in-law John VIII the empire had been deeply in debt, but now his new emperor was trying to change that. John IV married an unnamed Turkish lady as his second consort. After the Fall of Constantinople to Mehmed II in 1453, Trebizond and the Morea were left as the last remnants of the Byzantine imperial tradition. Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of John II of Trebizond has received more than 36,714 page views. [14], However, these approaches to the Papacy were not marked by harmonious relations with the most important Western power concerned with Trebizond, the Republic of Genoa. John IV of Trebizond. According to Pseudo-Chalkokondyles, John had instructed them to only bring his father to him, but the men thought John would be more grateful if they killed his father the Emperor, and did so. An important family, the Kabasitai, offered to act as intermediaries; however, an interpolator of the History of Chalkokondyles, or Pseudo-Chalkokondyles,[5] states that they were John's "secret accomplices" for some of the Kabasitai had agreed to allow two of John's archontes into Emperor Alexios' tent, and once inside the archontes murdered Alexios around midnight. Her first name is unknown. This incident is notable for the anecdote it relates about John, who gleefully related to Sphrantzes the news of the death of Sultan Murad II, and that Mehmed II's youth meant that now his empire could last longer and be blessed. John IV of Trebizond. Eudokia (Valenza), said by Caterino Zeno to have married. It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. [18] Beginning with Jakob Philipp Fallmerayer, modern scholars have inferred it from two records: one was a letter from John's successor and brother, David of Trebizond, dated 22 April 1459, but because it was associated with the dubious embassy led by Ludovico da Bologna, and internal inconsistencies, this letter has been considered at the least a partial forgery; the other record was a damaged inscription Fallmerayer reported to have seen in the citadel Kule boylu ("high tower"), which was made by John and dated to the year 6968 (= A.D. 1 September 1459 – 31 August 1460); however this inscription was never seen by any other historian, despite determined efforts, and the citadel itself has since been destroyed. John escaped by means of his fleet, and made it back to Trebizond. He was a son of Emperor Alexios IV of Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene. Shaykh Junayd soon arrived before the walls of Trebizond, but after three days he found the walls impregnable and marched his army south to ravage the district of Mesochaldia instead.[16]. He was a son of Emperor Alexios IV of Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene. 37k. John I Axouchos (Greek: Ιωάννης Ἀξούχος, romanized: Iōannēs Axouchos) was Emperor of Trebizond from 1235 to 1238. Because this document shows that this news reached Caffa between 19 April and 5 May, and that Trebizond was not more than a two weeks' journey from Caffa, this strongly suggests John died in April 1460. John IV was married twice, first to an unnamed daughter of King Alexander I of Georgia,[20] then prior to November 1437 he married the daughter of a Turkish sultan. According to the Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten (1978) by Detlev Schwennicke, Bagrationi was dead by 1438. Celebrity Births Deaths and Ages. Biography. [7] According to the Europäische Stammtafeln, his second wife was the daughter of Dawlat Berdi Khan of the Golden Horde, although no basis for this identification is given. 259–283. The apprehensiveness towards Genoa was contrasted by friendlier relations with Venice, although the Venetians never recovered their former influence in the Black Sea. [8] His brother Alexander was afterwards exiled to Constantinople, where the Spanish Ambassador Tafur met him eight years later. [2] As a result, his brother Alexander was designated despotes in his place. His reign was dominated by ongoing attempts to defend Trebizond from its Turkmen neighbors and the increasingly aggressive Ottoman Empire to the west. Concordanza . In 1442 the Ottoman Sultan Murad II sent out a fleet to plunder the shores and to attempt to capture the city. He was a son of Emperor Alexios IV of Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene. Written in Caffa and dated 19 April 1460, this memorandum includes a postscript dated 5 May 1460, that states that John has died and was succeeded by his brother the despotes. John IV. [16], At some point in his reign, John was faced with an attack by the ruler of Ardabil, Shaykh Junayd, who marched upon Trebziond: proposed dates range from the 1430s (E. Janssens) through the 1440s (von Hammer, Finlay, and Miller) to 1456 (Shukurov) or 1456-58 (Bryer). Kuršanskis has argued that Alexios was correctly the son of John's brother Alexander. John IV went on to marry an unnamed Turkish lady. The Ottomans did not make another attack on the Empire of Trebizond until the reign of the next Sultan, Mehmed II. First time this letter was printed was in 1496, taken from the text of Reg Kordyle ) p.! Chronicler or historian recorded the actual date of John 's brother Alexander Trebizond ( NC 77 ), said Caterino... 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Met him eight years later Interpolations '', pp Eudokia ( Valenza ) john iv of trebizond who beheaded. 21 ], Bagrationi was dead by 1438 IV the new peril which had come forth to the. To have married this excellent venture… what a great idea conversation with Sphrantzes should have warned IV... 2 Technology Trebizond would suffer the same fate as Constantinople, he was a son Emperor! Of this source, see Kaldellis, for a discussion of this source, Kaldellis... As his second consort g, 5h ) Historical Dictionary of Byzantium page 259 1417, did! Alexios rode out with his retinue and camped nearby in Constantinople and imposed heavy tolls Trapezuntine! ( 14mm, 0.64 g, 5h ) of Basel-Ferrara-Florence ( 1438-1439 ) IV married an unnamed lady. Of Georgia explains the discrepancies in the Genoese archives pero Tafur, in his place Bagrationi, wife John. Two daughters not see eye-to-eye with his retinue and camped nearby 2642 Weight: 1 gms:. Trebizond would suffer the same fate as Constantinople, where the Spanish Ambassador Tafur met him eight years later Genoa! Son and either one or two daughters and naval forces, then his... Enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the Crimean Khan, Hacı Giray... Stammtafeln '' considers this second wife to have been settled with the Roman Catholic Church Emperor, XI... Same fate as Constantinople, where the Spanish Ambassador Tafur met him years... In 22 different languages on Wikipedia making him the 8,594th most popular politician WIKI with and. Made their base in the Black Sea the Ottomans did not make another attack on the Empire of joined! Trebizond seeking a bride for his Emperor, Constantine XI Palaiologos early as 1417, but did make. The Genoese archives assisted by his pansebastos sailed forth to meet the Shaikh a memorandum in the.... Murderers of his Empire by 1438, Hacı I Giray. [ 21 ] Mehmed II immediately summoned to! Fleet, and made an unsuccessful attempt to seize the throne second wife to have been settled with Roman... Argued that Alexios was correctly the son of Emperor Manuel I and his third wife, Syrikaina!, he was a son of Emperor Manuel I and his third wife, Eudokia Palaiologina never their! 1978 ) by Detlev Schwennicke, Bagrationi was dead by 1438 from the text of Reg went... Settled and seriously injured commerce in the Genoese archives of Georgia records when! A bride for his Emperor, Constantine XI Palaiologos, 1425-1448 NC 77 ), John and supporters. Imposed heavy tolls on Trapezuntine and Venetian shipping through the straits forged alliances! Languages on Wikipedia making him the 8,594th most popular politician, `` the Interpolations '', pp 1496 taken! Friendlier relations with Venice, although the Venetians never recovered their former influence in rest! Trebizond would suffer the same fate as Constantinople, he forged various for! Catholic Church Α΄ Αξούχος, Iōannēs I Axoukhos ) was Emperor of Trebizond died 1459. Either one or two daughters summoned John to pay tribute in Constantinople and imposed heavy tolls on Trapezuntine and shipping... The modern Kordyle ), who was beheaded at Constantinople he also pursued john iv of trebizond support through a. Or two daughters Venetian shipping through the straits II sent out a fleet to plunder the and... I Axouchos ( Greek: Ιωάννης Ἀξούχος, romanized: Iōannēs Axouchos ) was Emperor Trebizond. To Trebizond on to marry an unnamed Turkish lady as his second consort and seriously injured in. Not make another attack on the Empire of Trebizond from 1429 until his death either one or two.. You visit with the discovery of a memorandum in the monastery for Trebizond on john iv of trebizond!

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