Harbor porpoise, Phocoena sinus Norris and McFarland, 1958. Description of a new species of beaked whale (Berardius) found in the North Pacific. Kato, H. and W. F. Perrin. Consequently, the nominate subspecies H. g. grypus is the Baltic gray seal, H. g. macrorhynchus falls into synonymy, and the authors have resurrected H. g. atlantica to apply to the Atlantic subspecies. Gray seal, Histriophoca fasciata (Zimmerman, 1783). 110 474 106 (In 2020) Citations. In the odontocetes, Mesoplodon traversii (spade-toothed whale) was recognized as the senior synonym for M. bahamondi (Bahamonde’s beaked whale) (van Helden et al. Stejneger’s beaked whale, Mesoplodon traversii (Gray, 1874). Integrating multiple lines of evidence to better understand the evolutionary divergence of humpback dolphins along their entire distribution range: A new dolphin species in Australian waters. Pygmy sperm whale, Kogia sima (Owen, 1866). Atlantic spotted dolphin, Stenella longirostris (Gray, 1828). Journal of Mammalogy, 100, 564-577. Next steps in unraveling the taxonomy of these dolphins will need to involve robust datasets that include all Lagenorhynchus and Cephalorhynchus species. This list can be cited as follows: “Committee on Taxonomy. BMC Evolutionary Biology 7:216. doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-7-216. Dwarf sperm whale, Family Ziphiidae (beaked whales, 23 species), Berardius arnuxii Duvernoy, 1851. 2016. Sowerby’s beaked whale, Mesoplodon bowdoini Andrews, 1908. Pages 84—101 in D. E. Wilson and R. A. Mittermeier (eds). 2005. The new subspecies Sousa chinensis taiwanensis was described by Wang et al. We list the baiji Lipotes vexillifer as “possibly extinct” in conformance with the IUCN Red List, although extinction seems a certainty. Deraniyagala’s beaked whale, Mesoplodon layardii (Gray, 1865). New genetic data extend the range of river dolphins Inia in the Amazon Delta. Cunha et al. 1999. PLoS ONE 4(9) e7062. Dusky dolphin, Lissodelphis borealis (Peale, 1848). 2019. They proposed recognition of the North Pacific fin whale as a separate subspecies, B. physalus velifera. Galapagos fur seal, Arctocephalus gazella (Peters, 1876). Wang et al. (2007) concluded based on morphological and molecular genetic evidence that, Archer F.I., R. L. Brownell Jr, B. L. Hancock-Hanser, P. A. Morin, K. M. Robertson, K. K. Sherman, J. Calambokidis, J. Urbán, P. E. Rosel, S. A. Mizroch, S. Panigada, B. L. Taylor. Video of Sanctuary Invertebrates - This includes a variety of crustaceans, mollusks, echinoderms, and worms. Zhou et al. Marine fungi play a substantial components role in nutrient cycling and are a critical source of natural products. 1993. Molecular genetics of marine mammals. Chungungo, marine otter, Neovison macrodon (Prentis, 1903). 2018, Kitamura et al. Divergent opinions by members of the Committee on particular taxonomic questions are given in the footnotes. Narwhal, Cephalorhynchus commersonii (Lacépède, 1804). Introduction. https://doi.org/10.1111/jeb.13575. A new dolphin species, the Burrunan dolphin Tursiops australis sp. The long-beaked condition is apparently a convergent character state induced by regional ecology. Vollmer, N. L., E. Ashe, R. L. Brownell Jr, F. Cipriano, J. G. Mead, R. R. Reeves, M. S. Soldevilla and R. Williams, R. 2019. Pages 1084—1087 in W. F. Perrin, B. Würsig and J. G. M. Thewissen (eds) Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals. Resurrection of Mesoplodon hotaula Deraniyagala 1963: A new species of beaked whale in the tropical Indo-Pacific. Bibliography and index of the Sirenia and Desmostylia. Nature 426:278—281. taxonomy is needed. Corrections and comments should be directed to the Committee on Taxonomy ([email protected]). Balaenoptera omurai was described by Wada et al. Posters of marine and freshwater species important to commercial, artisanal and food security fisheries and/or biodiversity conservation. Why we should develop guidelines and quantitative standards for using molecular genetic data to delimit subspecies for data-poor organisms like cetaceans. Shepherd’s beaked whale, Tasman beaked whale, Ziphius cavirostris G. Cuvier, 1823. da Silva, V.M.F. Cunha et al. Species are depicted in colour and main headings usually include nomenclature (scientific, FAO, national and local names), maximum size and conservation status. Classification and scientific names follow Rice (1998), with adjustments reflecting more recent literature. While a majority of committee members supported the changes proposed by Vollmer et al. Journal of Zoology 245:65—72. Report of the Scientific Committee. J Mammal 100:1653–1670. (2013). There are two independently evolved groups: the true sea snakes (subfamily Hydrophiinae), which are related to Australian terrestrial elapids, and the sea kraits (subfamily Laticaudinae), which are related to the Asian cobras. 1994. Recently, Jedensjö et al. (2013) considered these more likely to be distinct at the subspecific level (although arguably at the species level), and they are included here provisionally as such. (2014), with much better sampling of the Madeira River system, including samples from immediately above and below the Teotonio Rapids, found that in fact these rapids did not appear to obstruct gene flow on an evolutionary scale. B. Moreno, O. Rocha‐Barbosa and A. S. Barreto. (2016), and Hohl et al. (2014) have recognized three subspecies of the humpback whale based on mitochondrial and nuclear DNA relationships and distribution: Megaptera novaeangliae kuzira (North Pacific), M. n. novaeangliae (North Atlantic) and M. n. australis (Southern Hemisphere). B. Moreno. (2014) did not recognize I. g. humboldtiana. Revised checklist of North American mammals north of Mexico, 2003. In this view, the error by Heyning and Perrin (1994) was not in splitting out the ENP long-beaked common dolphins as a distinct species, but in assuming that the name D. capensis applied there and that all long-beaked populations of Delphinus belonged to D. capensis. Hector’s dolphin, Delphinus delphis Linnaeus, 1758. (2015) accepted two species. and H. C. Rosenbaum. Delphinid systematics and biogeography with a focus on the current genus Lagenorhynchus: multiple pathways for antitropical and trans-oceanic radiation. As you can see, species examples can be found within the animal and plant kingdoms. The genus Lagenorhynchus is widely considered a polyphyletic taxon containing morphologically convergent species (Cipriano 1997, LeDuc et al. (1999) established the subspecies Stenella longirostris roseiventris. 2008. Common dolphin, saddleback dolphin, Feresa attenuata Gray, 1874. Improved geographic sampling and improved objectivity in hypothesis testing is needed to fully resolve the taxonomy of Tursiops in this region. Scheel, D.-M., G. J. Slater, S.-O. 2019. However, Oliveira and Brownell (2014) synonymized A. a. gracilis with A. a. australis. Blue whale, Balaenoptera omurai Wada, Oishi and Yamada, 2003. They are also threatened by introduced species such as dogs and cats, pollution and bycatch in fishing equipment. 2006). Indian Ocean humpback dolphin, Sousa sahulensis Jefferson and Rosenbaum, 2014. Japanese sea lion (extinct), Zalophus wollebaeki Sivertsen, 1953. Southern right-whale dolphin, Orcaella brevirostris (Owen in Gray, 1866). 2013), recognizing a new species of, Previous editions of this list recognized two globally distributed species of common dolphins: the short-beaked common dolphin, Based on a combined analysis of molecular genetic and morphological data, Mendez et al. The next update will be in Spring 2017. So as we approach the end of the year it is time to think about nominations for The WoRMS Top Ten Marine Species of 2020! Narrow-ridged finless porpoise, Phocoena dioptrica Lahille, 1912. BMC Biology 10:1—31. Thank you for your post and the information you provided. The Galapagos fur seal is another fascinating marine species thatâs endemic to the Galapagos Islands. However, Nyakatura and Bininda-Emonds (2012) compiled a new supertree of the Carnivora and concluded that this usage of Arctophoca may be premature because of remaining uncertainty about phylogenetic relationships, and we return provisionally to use of Arctocephalus for all the southern fur seals. Journal of Evolutionary Biology19:943—954. (2020) conducted a broader morphological comparison of Tursiops skulls from around Australia, including skulls of both T. truncatus and T. aduncus and their respective holotypes, and did not find support for the Burrunan bottlenose dolphin, T. australis, proposed by Charlton-Robb et al. 2008) suggested these two subspecies are on separate evolutionary trajectories and deserve recognition as phylogenetic species. Kershaw, F., M. S. Leslie, T. Collins, R. M. Mansur, B. D. Smith, G. Minton, R. Baldwin, R. G. LeDuc, R. C. Anderson, R. L. Brownell Jr, and H. C. Rosenbaum. We provisionally recognize the subspecies T. t. gephyreus Lahille 1908 (Lahille’s bottlenose dolphin) for this larger coastal form. Dear Giuseppe, 2008). The long-beaked common dolphin of the Indian Ocean is retained as a subspecies D. delphis tropicalis. Choose a species from the list below or click on a letter to see only species beginning with that letter. Pacific white-sided dolphin, Lagenorhynchus obscurus (Gray, 1828). The evidence for species status is published and is considerable, especially the molecular differences. Sperm whale, cachalot, Kogia breviceps (Blainville, 1838). Journal of Evolutionary Biology. Vestnik Zoologii 50:327—354. Olsen, M. T., A. Galatius, V. Biard, K. Gregersen and C. C. Kinze. Short-finned pilot whale, Globicephala melas (Traill, 1809). Recent molecular genetic analyses indicate that Phoca vitulina concolor is paraphyletic and this along with lack of morphological differentiation suggests that the western Atlantic subspecies is not supportable; P. v. vitulina is considered here to apply to all Atlantic harbor seals. Although it has been a difficult year for everyone, we know that taxonomists have continued to publish many wonderful new species throughout. Vol. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0140251. The dusky dolphin. The pygmy right whale Caperea marginata: Last of the cetotheres. A. Amir, V. M. Peddemors, L. Karczmarski, A. Guissamulo, B. Smith, D. Sutaria, G. Amato and H. C. Rosenbaum. Within the North Pacific, until the subspecies limits of various populations are assessed, only a single subspecies is recognized, Phoca vitulina richardii. 2016. (2011) for Stenella longirostris and Tursiops truncatus, respectively); 3) comparisons of external morphology and non-metric characters were made only with T. truncatus, to the exclusion of T. aduncus; and 4) support for important nodes in molecular trees suggesting phylogenetic separation was low. Marine Species Invertebrates may include: hundreds of species of coral, sponges, crabs, shrimp, lobsters, anemones, worms, bryozoans, sea stars, urchins, nudibranchs, octopuses, squid, and snails Vertebrates may include a wide variety of fish, sea turtles, and marine mammals (such as seals and dolphins) Cipriano, F. 1997. Rosel, P. E., A. E. Dizon and J. E. Heyning. Skulls previously classified as T. australis all fell well within the T. truncatus group. An authoritative classification and catalogue of marine names, 236 770 You can browse our marine fish profiles either by scientific name or by common name. Introduction page 2014, Vollmer et al. Archer et al. Pages 32—52 in F. S. Szalay, M. J. Novacek, and M. C. McKenna (eds). List of Marine Mammal Species and Subspecies, Enhydra lutris (Linnaeus, 1758). Hourglass dolphin, Lagenorhynchus obliquidens Gill, 1865. Leduc, R. G., A. E. Dizon, M., Goto, M., L. A. Pastene, H. Kato, S. Nishiwaki and R. L. Brownell 2007. Hrbek et al. Naming them can be a little daunting when a new one is discovered. (2020) paired morphological and genetic data from samples collected from both forms in southern Brazil and found strong congruence between morphological and mitochondrial and nuclear divergence; genetic differentiation was also observed in Oliveira et al. 2014. The National Marine Fisheries Service of the U.S. spelled out a recovery plan in 1998. The Amazon River system as an ecological barrier driving genetic differentiation of the pink dolphin (Inia geoffrensis). Conservation Genetics 15:619—629. Best regards, Arnoux’s beaked whale, Berardius bairdii Stejneger, 1883. Dall’s porpoise, Dall porpoise, ORDER SIRENIA (sirenians, 5 species, of which 1 extinct), Trichechus inunguis (Natterer, 1883). Heaviside’s dolphin, Haviside’s dolphin, Cephalorhynchus hectori (Van Bénéden, 1881). Toward the resolution of an explosive radiation—A multilocus phylogeny of oceanic dolphins (Delphinidae). Marine mammals of the world. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 56:136—141. Larivière, S. 1998. However, Species 2000's Catalogue of Life (CoL) has inventoried over 1.2 million (Bisby et al. 1999, McGowen 2011, Banguera-Hinestroza et al. Balaenoptera omurai is a newly discovered baleen whale that represents an ancient evolutionary lineage. 2020. (2014) from the Araguaia River, which is not connected to the Amazon and Siciliano et al. Marine Mammal Science 21:365—400. ANNELID SPECIES. 2005). 291 Registered institutional users. Skull morphology of bottlenose dolphins from different ocean populations with emphasis on South America. nov.”, “new species”, etc. Patterns of genetic variation in southern hemisphere blue whales, and the use of assignment test to detect mixing on the feeding grounds. Rosenbaum, H., R. L. Brownell, Jr., M. W. Brown, C. Schaeff, Y. Portway, B. N. White, S. Malik, L. A. Pastene, N. J. Patenaude, C. S. Baker, M. Goto, P. B. Journal of Morphology. Sea mink (extinct), PINNIPEDIA (eared seals, sea lions, walrus, earless seals; 35 species, of which 2 extinct), Family Otariidae (eared seals and sea lions; 15 species, of which 1 extinct), Arctocephalus australis (Zimmermann, 1783). 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